When Did Byzantine Art Start?
What influence did the Byzantine art have on early Greek and Rome?
i have searched for hours and nothing I've searched seems to tell me any thing....
Byzantine art is the term commonly used to describe the artistic products of the Byzantine Empire from about the 4th century until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453.
The term can also be used for the art of Eastern Orthodox states which were contemporary with the Byzantine Empire and were culturally influenced by it, without actually being part of it (the "Byzantine commonwealth"), such as Bulgaria, Serbia, or Rus; and also for the art of the Republic of Venice and Kingdom of Sicily, which had close ties to the Byzantine Empire despite being in other respects part of western European culture. Art produced by Eastern Orthodox Christians living in the Ottoman Empire is often called "post-Byzantine." Certain artistic traditions that originated in the Byzantine Empire, particularly in regard to icon painting and church architecture, are maintained in Greece, Bulgaria, Russia and other Eastern Orthodox countries to the present day.
What is characteristic about Byzantine art?
What is characteristic about Byzantine art?
The artwork of the period focuses mainly on religious subjects that were portrayed conservatively and with little room for artists’ personal expression. Domed churches and decorative mosaics were characteristics of Byzantine architecture.
Byzantine art originated in Eastern Roman Empire, specifically Constantinople, present day Istanbul. Based on the Orthodox Church, it was primarily seen in the painting of icons and in church decorations, frescoes, and mosaics. The Byzantine style fell out of fashion when Constantinople fells to the Turks in 1453. However, it continued to have some influence in other Orthodox nations such as Russia.
Byzantine paintings are identified by their rich colors and flat, large-eyed figures. Backgrounds were typically painted gold. The intention of Byzantine artists was to teach the viewer religious lessons, therefore the images were clear and easily understood
What was the Byzantine empire's opinion of muslims during the crusades?
what did byzantine people think of muslims from around the end of the dark ages to the end of the crusades? why did the byzantine empire not like the muslims? how did the muslims affect the byzantine empire?
They quickly came to oppose them, as By the end of the reign of Heraclius I (610-641) , Muslim armies were making raids into Byzantine territory in Syria and were beginning to conquer the Persian territories. From this period onwards, Byzantine energies focussed almost entirely to the east and to the south.
by the 700's the Byzentines began to turn the tied and start regaining it territories.
so the hostilities to Islam began almost instantly with the Start of the religion, Mohammed 570-632, islam began @ 610.
In 1071, however, the Seljuk Turks conquered the Byzantine army at Manzikert in Asia Minor—after this victory, the Seljuks quickly overran all of Byzantine territory in the east.
This led to the Byzantines looking to europe for help and thus the start of the Crusades.
How come marble sculptures weren't being produced during the byzantine empire.?
The greeks and roman empire created very detailed, marvalous marble sculptures.Almost every roman emperor,(octavian, julius, plilip) had a life size marble statue sculpted in their honor. But how come during the byzantine era, we don't see much marble sculptures or byzantium emperors.
It had largely fallen out of favor. Early Christians didn't trust large scale sculptures and the Byzantines inherited this mistrust. There are some small sculptures but many of those were destroyed during the iconoclastic period, (there are some surviving Early Byzantine Icons that were stowed away in monasteries or hidden away.) Byzantine art is Largely Mosaic, Religious with an emphasis on Icons.
This not only avoids the distrust of sculpture held by many Byzantines but also created an art form all it's own. The Byzantine Aesthetic is largely that of religion with Icons being very important which tended to be smaller than a life size sculpture.
how did the byzantine empire arise?
The Byzantine Empire (Romania) was formed after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in 306 AD. The Byzantine Empire lost territories from the Roman-Persian and Byzantine-Arab Wars. The major blow to the Byzantine Empire was in 1204 AD when the Western Roman Empire Divided itself from the Eastern Roman Empire during the 4th Crusade. In 1261 AD the Byzantine Empire was restored, but would collapse in 1453 AD because of the Byzantine-Ottoman Wars in which Constantinople (New Rome) would fall.